Our sister planet, Venus, is back in the evening skies of the Driftless!
All planets have their season as they orbit around our sun at different speeds and wander in front of the fixed stars and constellations. Jupiter and Saturn will be easiest to spot in the summer of 2020, and Mars will be at its best in the fall of 2020. But Venus is the highlight of this winter and spring.
Planets further from the sun such as Mars, Jupiter and Saturn can appear anywhere in the southern sky anytime during the night. But the two planets closer to the sun (Mercury and Venus) can only appear in the western sky after sunset and the eastern sky before dawn. Venus alternates being the “Evening Star” for seven months and “Morning Star” for seven months with a few months in between when it is too close to the sun to be visible.
I love that Venus is so easy to spot. After the sun and moon, it’s the brightest object in the sky. At the start of December, look for it low in the southwest between sunset around 4:30 and when Venus sets around 6:15. By the end of December, Venus’ orbit makes it appear further from the sun, so you’ll see it higher in the southwest between sunset around 4:30 and when Venus sets around 7:20.
Venus is especially beautiful to view when it’s paired with another world. Around Dec. 10, look for Saturn dimmer and to the right and above Venus. Watch the next evenings as they move closest together on the 12th and 13th and as Venus appears higher in the sky and Saturn appears lower. Best time in the Driftless is 5:15-6:15. The pairing of Venus and the waxing crescent moon is especially sublime. They are together on Dec. 28 and visible between sunset around 4:30 and moonset around 7. If clouds get in our way, we can be awed by that combination again on Jan. 28, Feb. 27, March 28, April 26 and May 23. If you have binoculars or a small telescope, you’ll be able to see how Venus grows in size as the distance from us lessens and how it changes phases like the moon as its orbit brings it around the sun. It’s waxing gibbous in December, last quarter in March (when it’s highest in the sky and appears furthest from the sun), at its brightest in April, and waning crescent by May.
Take time to celebrate Winter Solstice on Dec. 21 and to enjoy all the wonders of the early winter sky!
John Heasley is an astronomy educator and stargazer who enjoys connecting people with the cosmos. He volunteers with NASA/JPL as a Solar System Ambassador and with the IAU as a Dark Skies Ambassador. For more information about stargazing in southwestern Wisconsin, like Driftless Stargazing LLC on Facebook and find out whenever there’s something awesome happening in the skies above.